© 2021 Scientific American, a Division of Nature America, Inc. Support our award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology. One of the most notorious projects is a gigantic hydroelectric dam that could wipe out the newly discovered Tapanuli orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis) in Sumatra. Discover world-changing science. We act to protect, restore, and connect the intricate patchwork of lands and waters that our wildlife call home. According to the just-released “Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation in 2019” (the tenth annual edition of this study), climate-change induced release of carbon from polar ice will further worsen global warming, while the release of mercury from thawing permafrost will create a toxic threat for animals, plants and soil. Plastics. And new threats continue to emerge. “That’s a very rough average, but it gives you an idea of the magnitude of the problem.”. “But the Saola Working Group and partners are hoping to detect saola and begin to catch them next year for a conservation breeding program in Vietnam. It’s been hard to miss some of the shocking facts about our plastic waste recently. Key Conservation Issues (KCIs) are large-scale conservation issues or threats that affect or potentially affect many species and habitats over large landscapes throughout the state. When wildlife is in danger, they can't speak up for themselves—so we speak for them. Many of these issues are preventable if we choose to take action to protect wildlife. F or 83 years, the Wyoming Wildlife Federation has been the voice for sportsmen and women of Wyoming – advocating on their behalf for the healthy, intact, and fully functioning ecosystems – providing outdoor opportunities and finding common ground through our initiatives and campaigns. “People and the media tend to focus on the current emergencies rather than the slow, long-term problems because we are not very good at maintaining focus and attention,” she says. “Each individual thing they do will be very subtle and maybe you won’t even know what’s happening on time, but the aggregate effect, I think, will be slowing down a lot of the harmful decisions made by this administration.”. They also affect people by reducing land productivity, reducing opportunities for recreation, altering water supplies, or increasing risk of severe wildfires. Without that, conservation—and species—will lose ground every day. Conservation issues include the protection of trees, animals and wetlands. Most recently, a study found that 100 percent of sea turtles had plastic or microplastics in their digestive systems. “I don’t want to sound too bleak, but time is literally running out for the world as we know it,” say TRAFFIC’s Thomas. Our record speaks for itself. Defenders of Wildlife deploys a wide range of tools and tactics, from policy analyses and advocacy, to litigation, innovative science and technology programs and field conservation. “You’ll probably see a lot of new, large marine protected areas established in the next year,” says Shiffman. 18 hours ago — Kylie Mohr and E&E News, January 4, 2021 — Anne C. Mulkern and E&E News, January 4, 2021 — Mark Fischetti and Jen Christiansen, January 4, 2021 — Virginius Xaxa | Opinion. This may also mean keeping an eye out on the Trump administration’s continuing efforts to promote big-game hunting and resulting trophy imports by its wealthy patrons. Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications (many of them can be found at, Swampy Thing: The Giant New Salamander Species Discovered in Florida and Alabama, Hawaii's Snail Extinction Crisis: "We're Just Trying to Stop the Bleeding", deoxygenation could have a major impact on zooplankton, Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation in 2019, undermine indigenous rights in his country, dramatic increase in illegal logging, deforestation, three potential rule changes would diminish the effectiveness of the Endangered Species Act, could wipe out the newly discovered Tapanuli orangutan, more and more plastic being produced every day, legalize the medicinal trade in rhino horns and tiger parts. “The federal government is shirking its duty to protect species and commit to conservation programs,” says Johnson of the Union of Concerned Scientists, who points to three potential rule changes would diminish the effectiveness of the Endangered Species Act and other conservation regulations, among many other attacks against the laws. Human–wildlife conflict is a big problem in many parts of Africa. March 17, ... published a report on the role Britain’s 2,600 golf courses can play in providing sanctuaries for birds and other wildlife, especially in rough and out-of-bounds areas, which account for some 140,000 hectares across the country. “I think our current administration has shown that the environment and conservation are not high priorities,” says Lips. New Forest conservation. Lips also noted that it’s often hard to get funding and other support for these growing problems because they’re less in the public eye. We need to put aside political differences and work together to do something about this catastrophic situation—and quickly.”. This post first appeared on The Revelator on January 7, 2019. Meanwhile many experts also expressed fear about emerging diseases, like those affecting bats, frogs and salamanders. As fish and wildlife and their habitats feel the pressure from stressors like drought, wildfire, invasive species, sea level rise, development, and other challenges, Landscape Conservation Cooperatives are supporting investments in applied science that are helping to ensure the long-term vitality of species are hunted and fished and open recreational access for all. Africa is home to some of the world's most endangered species, including the mountain gorilla, Grevy’s zebra, and Ethiopian wolf. Thus, wildlife conservators who adopt a biocentric stance see their responsibility as protecting the ecosystem from people whose actions are perceived as harming the natural environment. Much of this stems from China’s Belt and Road Initiative, a development strategy to build extractive industries in 70 nations around the globe along with overland roads, ports, railways and pipelines to exploit them. “There’s been a lot of discussion about how global climate change affects ocean acidification, and now there’s emerging evidence that the even greater threat is reduced oxygen levels,” says noted conservationist William Laurance of James Cook University. These activities threaten everything from elephants and tigers to insects and rare plants. Others echoed those thoughts and fears about the ESA. The signatories to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets have until 2020—next year—to meet 20 conservation goals, including conserving “at least 17 percent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services.”. Right now this activity is all illegal, but that could change in the blink of a pen stroke. First, we continue to learn more about how plastic waste affects wildlife and the environment. Among the greatest threats to wildlife are the Trump administration and similar politicians around the world, such as Brazil’s new far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, who took office last week and immediately moved to undermine indigenous rights in his country. Of course, climate change will continue to threaten species around the world in 2019. “The impacts of climate change aren’t showing signs of slowing, and this administration refuses to recognize it,” saysCharise Johnsonof the Union of Concerned Scientists. “The bottom line is we need to be able to keep track of roads in real-time, on a global scale, and especially in developing countries,” he says. The Issues We Work On T he Wyoming Wildlife Federation is focused on issues surrounding Wyoming’s wildlife, habitat and outdoor opportunities. “I think research showing when, where and how species are able to adapt to some changes is promising,” says amphibian biologist Karen Lips of the University of Maryland. Wildlife need unspoiled spaces to thrive. “We’re experiencing an avalanche of new infrastructure projects,” says Laurance, who points out that the Initiative has at least 7,000 developments planned or underway. So with that rough bit of recent history, what does 2019 hold? “This, in addition to funding cuts for species listings, will put a strain on conservation efforts,” she says. “Addressing wildlife trade issues and promoting sustainable harvesting are likely to become more important than ever,” he says. or a conservation breeding program in Vietnam. But outside of Washington, things are speeding up. Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) “Emerging diseases are increasing in numbers, impacts, and in incidents, and are likely to cause greater losses of species,” says Lips. Indeed, that may have also helped inspire last November’s “blue wave,” the newly elected officials from which took office this month. Saving nature is at the very heart of what we do as WWF. You can learn about them here…: As leaders in wildlife science, management and conservation, The Wildlife Society has a responsibility to address national and international issues that affect the current and future status of wildlife in North America and throughout the world. “The new president in Brazil could unravel 50 years of progress for species, tropical forests and indigenous people,” says Lindsay Renick Mayer, associate director of communications for Global Wildlife Conservation. “It’s actually really difficult to try to get even basic maps of where roads are,” Laurance says. Share your thoughts online using the hashtag #Wildlife2019. Getting back to the Trump administration, many experts worried about how things will play out for this country’s wildlife in the year ahead. Mayer adds that the recent election in Madagascar could be just as bad. An award-winning environmental journalist, his work has appeared in Scientific American, Audubon, Motherboard, and numerous other magazines and publications. “Changes in ocean composition will be a large-scale driver of mortality,” Laurance says. According to the just-released “ Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation in 2019 ” (the tenth annual edition of this study), climate-change induced release of … The Wildlife Society recognizes the need to alleviate the greatest threats facing species on the brink of extinction through both regulatory mechanisms, such as the Endangered Species Act, as well as public and private partnerships. Results. “I think that has a dampening effect on the actions of the federal agencies.”, There’s a potential positive side to this, she adds: “I have heard, however, that historically this produces increased donations to NGOs and increased activism by citizens.”. Other incredibly rare species likely to benefit from similar programs this year include the Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and maybe even the rarely seen saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis). WCS, the “W” logo, WE STAND FOR WILDLIFE, I STAND FOR WILDLIFE, and STAND FOR WILDLIFE are service marks of Wildlife Conservation Society. Wildlife Conservation The value of American wildlife spans economic, ecological, and spiritual realms. Protecting an astounding diversity of species. As humans continue to consume natural resources, many organisms are headed for extinction. Well, in most cases it won’t be pretty. Read more; Ocean plastic pollution. “Water temperatures are rising, increased flooding, deforestation, fires, storms — these are all things that affect a species’ existence.” And new threats continue to emerge. Plastic is accumulating in the world’s oceans at a staggering rate. broad approach to preserving what is already there and the due care and attention to protecting it for the future (1 © 1996-2019 National Wildlife Federation Action Fund. “They could end up being paper parks—parks in name only,” he says. Wildlife face a variety of problems; most of the animals admitted each year to the Center are admitted due to human-related causes. Wildlife didn’t have an easy go of it in 2018. Another factor in conservation policy has been the type of species facing extinction. Did … There will be more blood, more habitat loss, more legislative attacks and more extinctions—but at the same time, there will also be signs of hope and progress on many levels. To ensure wildlife thrive in the face of 21st-century challenges, we call for measures to recover America’s declining wildlife populations and protect species at risk. “The risk of losing the amazing biodiversity of Madagascar is always a big story and it could get worse now,” Mayer says. Contact Information. “We haven’t had a camera trap photo of saola since 2013 and no biologist has ever seen one in the wild,” says Mayer from Global Wildlife Conservation. Illegal wildlife trade has become a high-profile issue receiving global media attention, not least because of its devastating effect on populations of rhinos, elephants and other charismatic wildlife. New road and infrastructure projects, many backed by Chinese investment, are currently being carved into critical habitats in Indonesia, Africa, the Amazon and other regions. Many of the experts we spoke with expressed hope that the tight deadline will result in some good, quick land and water protection that could protect countless species, but cautioned that these efforts should be watched carefully to make sure they truly protect key habitats and that they offer connectivity between disparate species populations. This guiding document is used to prioritize conservation issues and actions as well as fund research and surveys on species considered to be of greatest conservation need. The red wolf and Florida grasshopper sparrow captive-breeding programs may save those species from extinction in 2019. Here are a few more factors predicted to play a big role in 2019. "The new president in Brazil could unravel 50 years of progress for species, tropical forests and indigenous people," said Lindsay Renick Mayer, associate director of communications for Global Wildlife Conservation. Many conservation efforts have highlighted endangered mammals and … With more and more plastic being produced every day, this will be a major focus of research and conservation the coming year. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from List of conservation issues) This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Annually, The Wildlife Society determines the top policy priorities that guide our activities. The (tiny) bit of good news related to climate change? For nearly 60 years, we have made it our mission to find solutions that save the marvelous array of life on our planet by applying the best science available and working closely with local communities. We deliver measurable, boots-on-the-ground, solutions. “We’ve got an urgent need to detect the roads and tell governments, look, here’s where there’s illegal activity,” he says. 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